Optocoupler Types (optokuplor Tipleri)

Konusu 'Genel Elektronik' forumundadır ve guclusat tarafından 13 Eylül 2017 başlatılmıştır.

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    opto3.gif
    The photo-transistor and photo-darlington devices are mainly for use in DC circuits while the photo-SCR and photo-triac allow AC powered circuits to be controlled. There are many other kinds of source-sensor combinations, such as LED-photodiode, LED-LASER, lamp-photoresistor pairs, reflective and slotted optocouplers.

    Simple homemade optocouplers can be constructed by using individual components. An Led and a photo-transistor are inserted into a rigid plastic tube or encased in heat-shrinkable tubing as shown. The advantage of this home-made optocoupler is that tubing can be cut to any length you want and even bent around corners. Obviously, tubing with a reflective inner would be more efficient than dark black tubing.
     
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    Optotransistor DC Switch

    [​IMG]


    As well as detecting DC signals and data, Opto-triac isolators are also available which allow AC powered equipment and mains lamps to be controlled. Opto-coupled triacs such as the MOC 3020, have voltage ratings of about 400 volts making them ideal for direct mains connection and a maximum current of about 100mA. For higher powered loads, the opto-triac may be used to provide the gate pulse to another larger triac via a current limiting resistor as shown.
     

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    Triac Optocoupler Application



    [​IMG]


    This type of optocoupler configuration forms the basis of a very simple solid state relay application which can be used to control any AC mains powered load such as lamps and motors. Also unlike a thyristor (SCR), a triac is capable of conducting in both halves of the mains AC cycle with zero-crossing detection allowing the load to receive full power without the heavy inrush currents when switching inductive loads.

    Optocouplers and Opto-isolators are great electronic devices that allow devices such as power transistors and triacs to be controlled from a PC’s output port, digital switch or from a low voltage data signal such as that from a logic gate. The main advantage of opto-couplers is their high electrical isolation between the input and output terminals allowing relatively small digital signals to control much large AC voltages, currents and power.

    An optocoupler can be used with both DC and AC signals with optocouplers utilizing a SCR (thyristor) or triac as the photo-detecting device are primarily designed for AC power-control applications. The main advantage of photo-SCRs and photo-triacs is the complete isolation from any noise or voltage spikes present on the AC power supply line as well as zero-crossing detection of the sinusoidal waveform which reduces switching and inrush currents protecting any power semiconductors used from thermal stress and shock.
     

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