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Entegre ile yapılmış transistör test cihazı devresi

Konusu 'Elektronik Devreler' forumundadır ve guclusat tarafından 18 Mart 2012 başlatılmıştır.

  1. guclusat
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    guclusat Tanınmış Üye Süper Moderatör

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    Components list:

    R1 300KW C1 0.47µF (tantalum bead) D1-D4 1N4004 or BA148
    R2 100W LED1 Green
    R3, R4 470W LED2 Red
    R5 15W IC1 556 Green
    All ¼W carbon file 5%.

    trantest_fig2.gif

    track_and_component_layout.gif

    Entegre ile yapılmış transistör test cihazı devresi yapımı oldukça kolay olup bipolar transistörleri ölmekte kullanabilirsiniz..
     

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    Son düzenleme: 21 Aralık 2016
  2. guclusat
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    tester20012.gif

    bAŞKA BİR DEVRE DAHA
     
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    In-Circuit Tester for SCR, Diodes, and Transistors

    in-circuit-tester-for-SCR-diodes-and-transistors-1326561570.gif

    The circuit has been constructed to provide an in-circuit system that will test the integrity of electronic components such as Silicon Controlled Rectifiers, diodes, and PNP or NPN transistors.

    • 4093 – a quad 2-input NAND with Schmitt trigger inputs integrated circuit, generally characterized by small fluctuation in voltage supply, very high impedance, outputs that can sink and source, one output can drive up to 50 inputs, high speed gate propagation time, high frequency, and low power consumption
    The tester works by indentifying the reliability of electronic components which are not connected live to the circuit as well as their polarities and the transistor type, if unknown. Using only a single CMOS IC CD4093, a frequency of 2 Hz is produced as the IC1a & IC1b operates as a square wave oscillator while the inversion of the 2 Hz signal is performed by IC1c & IC1d. The power of Device Under Test (DUT) is supplied by the two complementary square wave voltages while biasing the transistor through the 1K Ohm resistor.

    Across the output are two opposing mode red LEDs which are connected in parallel. The 470 Ohm resistor limits the current flow through either LED with either LED having their peak inverse voltage (PIV) limited to about 1.7 V. This value serves as the ON-state or conducting voltage of the other LED. When the push button for testing is pressed without the presence of DUT, an alternate flashing will be exhibited by the LEDs.

    Upon connecting a good working transistor, one LED will remain dark and be effectively short circuited, during the half cycle the biasing is turned ON. The alternate half cycle will not cause the DUT to switch ON due to the polarity of the applied signal. This will then result to the other LED to illuminate due to the current that will flow. The illumination and flashing of the LED signifies the 2 Hz frequency. If the DUT is shorted, both LEDs will remain dark while flashing will appear on both LEDs if the DUT is open.

    The only allowed current pathway through the DUT is the primary function of the two strings of series connected silicon diodes that are connected in series with the DUT. This is only made possible when the diodes are fully saturated or turned ON which can be proven when an insufficient current flow through parallel circuit resistors which will cause one or both LED to be dark. The design of this circuit can be referred to as an in-circuit tester where no messy soldering done to be able to isolate a faulty component in case.

    For the testing of diodes and SCRs, the switch S1 is placed to the proper position wherein one of each two series pair of diodes is switched out. Doing this operation is essential due to the forward ON-state voltage of a good diode or SCR being about 0.7 V. this will then cause the three conducting series junctions to have about 2.1 V across the normally dark LED.

    The in-circuit tester is primarily used for indicating if a transistor fails or passes by using the combined result of bvceo and false oscillation tests. It can also use the alternating line current in phase between emitter-base and emitter-collector for testing power transistors. This apparatus can be used to determine the operating characteristics and defects of silicon controlled rectifiers and turn-off controlled rectifiers under dynamic conditions.

     
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    Transistor Tester Circuit

    A simple transistor tester that identifies if the transistor is a NPN or PNP and indicates if it is working properly. (October 3, 2009)


    This is a simple transistor tester, useful to identify if the transistor is an NPN or PNP, also the LEDs indicates if the transistor is working correctly or not.


    transistor-tester.gif


    Bill of materials:


    • 1 CMOS 4069B (4011B can be used also)
    • 2 1k Resistors 1/4 Watts
    • 1 10k Variable Resistor
    • 1 1mF capacitor (Non-electrolytic works ok)
    • 1 Red LED
    • 1 Green LED


    Here is how it works:


    Basically, this circuit is a square-wave oscillator, the frequency is defined by the 10k resistor. The output frequency is applied to the emmiter, then it is inverted and connected to the base and collector of the transistor.


    If the RED LED is on, it means the transistor is a NPN type and works correctly.


    If the GREEN LED is on, it means the transistor is a PNP type and it is working correctly.


    If BOTH LEDs are on, it means the transistor have a short circuit condition.


    If NO LEDs are on, it means the transistor is not working or it wasn't connected correctly.


    The only IC needed for this project is a CMOS Inverter Buffer 4069B. It can be replaced by a cheaper CMOS 4011B and connected as inverter [See schematic]. All non-used input pins on the cmos IC must be connected to ground.


    This transistor tester is very useful for the electronic hobbyist and it can test only bipolar junction transistor (BJT).
     
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    This is a convenient design for a transistor tester. The advantage of this circuit is that transistors can be tested without actually doing the circuit soldering. The tortester uses two ICs: an NE 555 timer and a CMOS IC 4027. In 4027 there are two flip-flops. The timer generates a square wave of about 12 Hz. IC2 through the square wave then used to test the transistor.

    49-ad037cdaad.gif

    Depending on the type of transistor (NPN or PNP) light during testing D5 or D6. When building, make sure that pin 1 to 9 of IC2 are connected to ground.
     
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